A. Nafplioti: “Mycenaean’’ political domination of Knossos following the Late Minoan IB destructions on Crete: negative evidence from strontium isotope ratio analysis (87Sr/86Sr)

Strontium isotope ratio analysis of human dental enamel and bone is applied to investigate a highly
debated question of population movement and cultural discontinuity in Prehistoric Aegean Archaeology.
The Late Minoan IB (ca. 1490/1470 BC) destructions on Crete are succeeded by cultural upheaval. The novel cultural features that appear at Knossos (Crete) in this period have forerunners in the Mainland. In Cretan context, the Linear B writing system, the funerary architecture and burial practices of the Mainland style are interpreted as evidence of an actual ‘‘Mycenaean’’ long-term settlement and political domination of Knossos. Human skeletal material from tombs that are associated with non-locals from the Mainland based upon the material culture is analysed to measure 87Sr/86Sr. The results of the analysis show that all the examined individuals from the Knossos tombs were born locally.

2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


A. Nafplioti*
Wiener Laboratory, American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Athens, GR-10676, Greece

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